The predecessor was the Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, the first university of post and telecommunications in New China, established in 1955. In 1960, it was identified by the State Council as a national key university. In 1993, it was renamed as "Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications". In 2000, it was included in the ranks of universities directly under the Ministry of Education. In 2012, the first-level discipline of information and communication engineering ranked first in the country.
According to the official website of the school in June 2018, the school has four campuses, namely Xitucheng Road, Shahe, Hongfu and Xiaoxitian, and has research institutes in Wuxi, Jiangsu and Shenzhen, Guangdong. There are 18 teaching units, 43 undergraduate majors, 6 post-doctoral research stations, 10 first-level disciplines for doctoral degree, 22 first-level disciplines for master's degree programs, and 7 master's degree programs. There are 2 national key disciplines; nearly 23,000 full-time students, masters, students and international students.