In 1952, the school was formed by the mining and metallurgical departments of six famous domestic universities, such as Beiyang University and Tsinghua University. It was first named Beijing Iron and Steel Institute and renamed Beijing Iron and Steel Institute in 1960. It is the first batch of 22 graduate schools in China. One of the universities, named Beijing University of Science and Technology in 1988, has developed into a high-level research university with a focus on engineering.
By the end of 2017, there were more than 25,000 full-time students, including 13,663 undergraduate students, 10,433 graduate students, 985 foreign students, and 239 post-doctoral students. It has formed a multi-level and complete talent training system. A rigorous faculty.
In 2018, the school entered the QS World University Rankings "World University Top 500", 8 disciplines entered the "World University Top 500"; materials science, chemistry, engineering, and computer science entered the top 1% of ESI international disciplines; In 2018, "the ranking of the world's first-class disciplines in the soft sciences", the metallurgical engineering discipline ranked first in the world.